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GeoElevationGrid

Overview

GeoElevationGrid is a geometry node defining a rectangular height field, with default values for a 1m by 1m square at height 0. Vertices corresponding to GeoElevationGrid height values define quadrilaterals, which are placed above or below a curved geospatial surface using geographic coordinates.

The GeoElevationGrid node belongs to the Geospatial component and requires at least level 1, its default container field is geometry. It is available from X3D version 3.0 or higher.

Hierarchy

1
2
3
+ X3DNode
  + X3DGeometryNode
    + GeoElevationGrid

Fields

SFNode [in, out] metadata NULL [X3DMetadataObject]

Information about this node can be contained in a MetadataBoolean, MetadataDouble, MetadataFloat, MetadataInteger, MetadataString or MetadataSet node.

Hint

SFNode [ ] geoOrigin NULL [GeoOrigin] (deprecated)

Single contained GeoOrigin node that can specify a local coordinate frame for extended precision.

Hint

Warning

  • XML validation requires placement as first child node following contained metadata nodes (if any).

MFString [ ] geoSystem [ “GD”, “WE” ]

Identifies spatial reference frame: Geodetic (GD), Geocentric (GC), Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM). Supported values: “GD” “UTM” or “GC” followed by additional quoted string parameters as appropriate for the type.

Hints

Warning

  • Deprecated values are GDC (replaced by GD) and GCC (replaced by GC).

MFDouble [in] set_height (-∞,∞)

Contains xDimension rows * zDimension columns floating-point values for elevation above ellipsoid.

Hints

  • height array values are in row-major order from west to east, south to north.
  • GeoGridOrigin is in southwest (lower-left) corner of height dataset.
  • This field is not accessType inputOutput since X3D browsers might use different underlying geometric representations for high-performance rendering, and so output events are not appropriate.

Warning

  • It is an error to define this transient inputOnly field in an X3D file, instead only use it a destination for ROUTE events.

SFVec3d [ ] geoGridOrigin 0 0 0 (-∞,∞)

Geographic coordinate for southwest (lower-left) corner of height dataset.

SFInt32 [ ] xDimension 0 (0,∞)

Number of elements in the height array along east-west X direction.

Hint

  • Total horizontal x-axis distance equals (xDimension-1) * xSpacing.

Warning

  • xDimension < 2 means that GeoElevationGrid contains no quadrilaterals.

SFInt32 [ ] zDimension 0 (0,∞)

Number of elements in the height array along north-south Z direction.

Hint

  • Total lateral z-axis distance equals (zDimension-1) * zSpacing.

Warning

  • zDimension < 2 means that GeoElevationGrid contains no quadrilaterals.

SFDouble [ ] xSpacing 1 [0,∞)

Distance between grid-array vertices along east-west X direction.

Hints

  • When geoSystem is GDC, xSpacing is number of degrees of longitude.
  • When geoSystem is UTM, xSpacing is number of eastings (meters).

SFDouble [ ] zSpacing 1 [0,∞)

Distance between grid-array vertices along north-south Z direction.

Hints

  • When geoSystem is GDC, zSpacing is number of degrees of latitude.
  • When geoSystem is UTM, zSpacing is number of northings (meters).

SFFloat [in, out] yScale 1 [0,∞)

Vertical exaggeration of displayed data produced from the height array.

SFBool [ ] solid TRUE

Setting solid true means draw only one side of polygons (backface culling on), setting solid false means draw both sides of polygons (backface culling off).

Hints

  • Mnemonic “this geometry is solid like a brick” (you don’t render the inside of a brick).
  • If in doubt, use solid=’false’ for maximum visibility.
  • AccessType relaxed to inputOutput in order to support animation and visualization.

Warning

  • Default value true can completely hide geometry if viewed from wrong side!

SFBool [ ] ccw TRUE

ccw defines clockwise/counterclockwise ordering of vertex coordinates, which in turn defines front/back orientation of polygon normals according to Right-Hand Rule (RHR).

Hints

  • A good debugging technique for problematic polygons is to try changing the value of ccw, which can reverse solid effects (single-sided backface culling) and normal-vector direction.
  • Clockwise

Warning

  • Consistent and correct ordering of left-handed or right-handed point sequences is important throughout the coord array of point values.

SFDouble [ ] creaseAngle 0 [0,∞)

creaseAngle defines angle (in radians) for determining whether adjacent polygons are drawn with sharp edges or smooth shading. If angle between normals of two adjacent polygons is less than creaseAngle, smooth shading is rendered across the shared line segment.

Hints

Warning

SFBool [ ] colorPerVertex TRUE

Whether Color node color values are applied to each point vertex (true) or per quadrilateral (false).

Hint

SFBool [ ] normalPerVertex TRUE

Whether Normal node vector values are applied to each point vertex (true) or per quadrilateral (false).

Hint

  • If no child Normal node is provided, the X3D browser shall automatically generate normals, using creaseAngle to determine smoothed shading across shared vertices.

SFNode [in, out] color NULL [X3DColorNode]

Single contained Color or ColorRGBA node that can specify color values applied to corresponding vertices according to colorPerVertex field.

SFNode [in, out] texCoord NULL [X3DTextureCoordinateNode]

Single contained TextureCoordinate, TextureCoordinateGenerator or MultiTextureCoordinate node that can specify coordinates for texture mapping onto corresponding geometry.

SFNode [in, out] normal NULL [X3DNormalNode]

Single contained Normal node that can specify perpendicular vectors for corresponding vertices to support rendering computations, applied according to the normalPerVertex field.

Hint

  • Useful for special effects. Normal vector computation by 3D graphics hardware is quite fast so adding normals to a scene is typically unnecessary.

Warning

  • normal vectors increase file size, typically doubling geometry definitions.

MFDouble [ ] height [ 0, 0 ] (-∞,∞)

Contains xDimension rows * zDimension columns floating-point values for elevation above ellipsoid.

Hints

  • height array values are in row-major order from west to east, south to north.
  • GeoGridOrigin is in southwest (lower-left) corner of height dataset.
  • Default values do not make sense, this is a specification erratum (Mantis 1447), be sure to change them.
  • This field is not accessType inputOutput since X3D browsers might use different underlying geometric representations for high-performance rendering, and so output events are not appropriate.

Warning

  • height array values are not retained or available at run time since a browser is permitted to condense geometry.

Advice

Hints

Warnings

  • Generated quadrilaterals can be nonplanar. Tessellation splits quadrilaterals into triangles along seam starting at initial vertex of the quadrilateral and proceeding to opposite vertex.
  • Requires X3D profile='Full' or else include <component name='Geospatial' level='1'/>
  • Avoid having GeoLocation or GeoTransform as a parent or ancestor node of GeoElevationGrid, since multiple geospatial transformations then occur with unpredictable results.

Example

See Also

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