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ElevationGrid

Overview

ElevationGrid is a geometry node defining a rectangular height field, with default values for a 1m by 1m square at height 0. Vertices corresponding to ElevationGrid height values define quadrilaterals, which are placed above or below a flat surface.

The ElevationGrid node belongs to the Geometry3D component and requires at least level 3, its default container field is geometry. It is available since VRML 2.0 and from X3D version 3.0 or higher.

Hierarchy

1
2
3
+ X3DNode
  + X3DGeometryNode
    + ElevationGrid

Fields

SFNode [in, out] metadata NULL [X3DMetadataObject]

Information about this node can be contained in a MetadataBoolean, MetadataDouble, MetadataFloat, MetadataInteger, MetadataString or MetadataSet node.

Hint

MFFloat [in] set_height (-∞,∞)

Grid array of height vertices with upward direction along +Y axis, with xDimension rows and zDimension columns.

Hints

  • height array values are given in row-major order from left to right along X axis, then back to front along Z axis.
  • This field is not accessType inputOutput since X3D browsers might use different underlying geometric representations for high-performance rendering, and so output events are not appropriate.

Warning

  • It is an error to define this transient inputOnly field in an X3D file, instead only use it a destination for ROUTE events.

SFInt32 [ ] xDimension 0 [0,∞)

Number of elements in the height array along X direction.

Hint

  • Total horizontal x-axis distance equals (xDimension-1) * xSpacing.

Warning

  • xDimension < 2 means that ElevationGrid contains no quadrilaterals.

SFInt32 [ ] zDimension 0 [0,∞)

Number of elements in the height array along Z direction.

Hint

  • Total horizontal z-axis distance equals (zDimension-1) * zSpacing.

Warning

  • zDimension < 2 means that ElevationGrid contains no quadrilaterals.

SFFloat [ ] xSpacing 1 (0,∞)

Meters distance between grid-array vertices along X direction.

Hint

  • Total horizontal x-axis distance equals (xDimension-1) * xSpacing.

SFFloat [ ] zSpacing 1 (0,∞)

Meters distance between grid-array vertices along Z direction.

Hint

  • Total lateral z-axis distance equals (zDimension-1) * zSpacing.

SFBool [ ] solid TRUE

Setting solid true means draw only one side of polygons (backface culling on), setting solid false means draw both sides of polygons (backface culling off).

Hints

  • Mnemonic “this geometry is solid like a brick” (you don’t render the inside of a brick).
  • If in doubt, use solid=’false’ for maximum visibility.
  • AccessType relaxed to inputOutput in order to support animation and visualization.

Warning

  • Default value true can completely hide geometry if viewed from wrong side!

SFBool [ ] ccw TRUE

ccw defines clockwise/counterclockwise ordering of vertex coordinates, which in turn defines front/back orientation of polygon normals according to Right-Hand Rule (RHR).

Hints

  • A good debugging technique for problematic polygons is to try changing the value of ccw, which can reverse solid effects (single-sided backface culling) and normal-vector direction.
  • Clockwise

Warning

  • Consistent and correct ordering of left-handed or right-handed point sequences is important throughout the coord array of point values.

SFFloat [ ] creaseAngle 0 [0,∞)

creaseAngle defines angle (in radians) for determining whether adjacent polygons are drawn with sharp edges or smooth shading. If angle between normals of two adjacent polygons is less than creaseAngle, smooth shading is rendered across the shared line segment.

Hints

SFBool [ ] colorPerVertex TRUE

Whether Color node color values are applied to each point vertex (true) or per quadrilateral (false).

Hint

SFBool [ ] normalPerVertex TRUE

Whether Normal node vector values are applied to each point vertex (true) or per quadrilateral (false).

Hint

  • If no child Normal node is provided, the X3D browser shall automatically generate normals, using creaseAngle to determine smoothed shading across shared vertices.

MFNode [in, out] attrib [ ] [X3DVertexAttributeNode]

Single contained FloatVertexAttribute node that can specify list of per-vertex attribute information for programmable shaders.

Hint

SFNode [in, out] fogCoord NULL [FogCoordinate]

Single contained FogCoordinate node that can specify depth parameters for fog in corresponding geometry.

SFNode [in, out] color NULL [X3DColorNode]

Single contained Color or ColorRGBA node that can specify color values applied to corresponding vertices according to colorPerVertex field.

SFNode [in, out] texCoord NULL [X3DTextureCoordinateNode]

Single contained TextureCoordinate, TextureCoordinateGenerator or MultiTextureCoordinate node that can specify coordinates for texture mapping onto corresponding geometry.

SFNode [in, out] normal NULL [X3DNormalNode]

Single contained Normal node that can specify perpendicular vectors for corresponding vertices to support rendering computations, applied according to the normalPerVertex field.

Hint

  • Useful for special effects. Normal vector computation by 3D graphics hardware is quite fast so adding normals to a scene is typically unnecessary.

Warning

  • normal vectors increase file size, typically doubling geometry definitions.

MFFloat [ ] height [ ] (-∞,∞)

Grid array of height vertices with upward direction along +Y axis, with xDimension rows and zDimension columns.

Hints

  • height array values are given in row-major order from left to right along X axis, then back to front along Z axis.
  • This field is not accessType inputOutput since X3D browsers might use different underlying geometric representations for high-performance rendering, and so output events are not appropriate.

Warning

  • height array values are not retained or available at run time since a browser is permitted to condense geometry.

Advice

Hints

  • The height array defines (xDimension-1)*(zDimension-1) quadrilaterals.
  • Positive direction for normal of each triangle is on same side of the quadrilateral. Triangles are defined either counterclockwise or clockwise depending on value of ccw field.
  • ElevationGrid can contain Color or ColorRGBA, Normal and TextureCoordinate nodes.
  • Insert a Shape node before adding geometry or Appearance.
  • For advanced extensibility, authors can substitute a type-matched ProtoInstance node (with correct containerField value) for contained node content.

Warning

  • Generated quadrilaterals can be nonplanar. Tessellation splits quadrilaterals into triangles along seam starting at initial vertex of the quadrilateral and proceeding to opposite vertex.

Example

See Also

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